_2^ 8 c o v/i O -t r c «) o A- VJ Vn oo 1 0^ Digitized by the Internet Archive in 2012 with funding from Duke University Libraries http://www.archive.org/details/antivivisection02alle Supplement to ANTI- VIVISECTION. ajv exposition of vivisection. The following concise definition of Vivisection, and various facts connected with the practice, is f i-om the pen of Mrs. Sara Thorpe Thomas, of Alexan- der, Arkansas, and reprinted from The Farmers^ Director, of Madisonville, Texas. As a means of much information in small compass this pamphlet should be perused by those willing to become informed upon a subject now under general discussion. Mrs. Thomas has at command the liublished authority for every statement herein contained. Let all who hope for Mercy or Peace in the final adjustment of human affairs nerve themselves to examine these pao-es and then. come over and help m^.— ILLINOIS ANTI-VIVISECTION SOCY., Aurora, III^ Apparatus for studying the "Meclianism of Death by Heat." — Bernard's Lecons sur la ckaleur Animale (Paris) p. 347. Living dogs, rabbits and pigeons were thus baked or boiled to death. It is so short a time since public attention has been directed to the practice of vivisection that many do not know what it is, and othei^s will not be- lieve its horrors are perpetrated in our own country. Vivisection is the cut- ting up of animals, and includes many other modes of toi-ture, such as suffocat- ing, starving, baking, freezing, dissect- ing out different internal organs, etc., etc. . It is carried on in nearly all Med- ical Colleges and Universities in Europe and America, and it has been introduced into many private and pub- lic schools, principally at the North, in which animals are dissected alive before classes by teachers, Vjoth men and wo- men. Vivisectors deceive and quiet the public by claiming these horrible acts are '"for the benefit of mankind" and in '•the interests of science," but read the following with this thought in mind and see if there is anything that in the remotest way could be of use in the treatment of human beings. According to the published records of the vivisecxors, in books, pamphlets and medical journals, from which, mostly, we obtain our information, up to October 1894. they have been engaged in baking dogs. cats, rabbits and other animals, and birds, in ovens made especially for that purpose with glass sides so all the agony can be seen by the tormentor as he stands with book in hand and makes notes of his victim's actions and breathing, as death approaches. They have roasted them in both dry and damp heat, sometimes with the heads out so their temperature could be taken as it rises. Vivisectors, according to their own published testimony, have skinned ani- mals alive and wrapped them in differ- ent substances, covered with oil and varnishes to see how long they could live without a natural skin. They dip others in boiling oil, and water, and still others they rub with inflammable substances like turpentine, and set them on fire; they starve animals and feed them on unnatural substances like peb- bles, earth and the vilest filth; pour melted lead into their ears; make holes in their stomachs and pour in boiling water; break their bones by blows from heavy mallets and stone bottles, and bruise the flesh so thoroughly the bones can be drawn from it; dislocate the limbs and confine the dogs for months in plaster casts so the joints will heal permanently stiff; cut holes in the skull and wash out the brains — put in the brains of other animals, or tear them in pieces, so that as one vivisector said, "they looked like newly hoed potatoe i Dr. A. M. Phelps, of New York, twisted and bound the legs of dogs In unnatural positions; forced the leg of one dog over its back, binding it, and sealing it in plaster-of-paris; kept it thus 145 days. The above illustration is an exact copy of the drawing accompanying the article written by Dr. Phelps and published in "Laboratory Researches." They who know the pain of a limb even a short time in a cramped position can imagine the sufferings of this dog. fields;" divide the back bones of large animals, like horses, mules and kine, with a chisel and destroy the spinal marrow by running wires through it, or lay it bare to be stimulated by pass- ing e'ectricity over it which causes the most indescribable agony. The nerves are also seperated from the surround- ing flesh by carefully picking it away and in this state experimented on with electricity, acids, heat, &c, &c. Inter- nal organs are cut out, like livers, kid- neys and stomachs, and in the latter case organs of other animals put in, and the one operated upon made to vomit. Vivisectors, according to their own published testimony, freeze animals to death, suffocate them by slow drowning and plastering up the mouth; they in- oculate them in the brain, eyes, ears, with dreadful diseases like hydropho- bia, and inject drugs, poison of snakes, powdered glass, and vile substances un- der the skin to produce ulcers and ab- cesses which keep the poor creatures in fearful agony for months before they die; they are also compelled to breathe corrosive gases which make the lungs and all the air passages a mass of raw flesh. They fasten animals till they grow together, stiffen them like iron by pp.tting- them under compreased oxy- gen; try in every conceivable way to make them commit suicide to get rid ui pain. These fearful outrages are perpe- trated upon man's most faithful friend, the dog; upon our more timid pets, cats, rabbits, guinea pigs, white rats and mice as well as gi'ey ones; upon pig- eons, frogs, iind indeed upon every spe- cies of living creatures the ''experi- menters" can secure. So pitiless and hardened do vivisec- tors become to sulTering that, accord- ing to their own published testimony, 5. ? §■ o 52, thiy watch the most terrible agony which they themselves have caused, with feelings of pleasure, patience and '■joyful excitement." Pror'. Goltz says. "It was 'marvelous and astonishing,' to find that a dog that had served for some seven experiments, whose breasts had been cut off, whose hind quarters were completely paralyzed, and whose spinal marrow had been destroyed, the animal suffering afterward from fatal peritonitis, v/as still capable of natural feelings for its yonng. ''She unceas- ingly Jicked the living and the dead puppy (bom on the torture table) and treated the living puppy with the same 3 i P CD tenderness an uninjured dog might do." ANAESTHETICS. Every vivisector declares to the out- side world that chloroform or other anaesthetics are used to make the ani- mal insensible to pain while they are at work upon it, but thei.- recoid of their own experiments show they rarely use anything of the kind for various reasons. Some animals, like dogs, for instance, are so sensitive to chloroform that they die before being stupified. Hence, to them chloroform SegtS^it^ and ether cannot be safely adminis- tered, for they would defeat the objects of the vivisector; and anaesthesia can- not be prolonged through the days and weeks of suffering consequent upon the result of inoculations with drugs or bacilli of the virulent diseases like cholera, yellow fever, small-pox, etc. They do indeed use curare, a drug which paralyses the muscles so the animals cannot move or cry out, but it rendei's their nerves so sensitive their sufferings are far more dreadful than without it. Claude Bernard, called \/' - V i "the prince of vivisectors" says of cu- rare: "This death that seems to steal on in so gentle a manner and so exempt from pain, is, on the contrary, accom- panied by the most atrocious sufferings that the imagination of man can con- ceive." INOCULATIONS. Vivisectors say their inoculations are "not more painful than the prick of a needle," but as they are vaccinating the animals with hydj'ophobia, diph- tiieria, anthrax, cholera, and usin;4' the most dreadful substances to produce in- flammation, the suifering attendant upon these operations are if possible more horrible than those where death follows in a few hours. Vivisectors claim for themselves some of the most impoi'tant discoveries in medical science, and though it has been proved over and over again that vivisection had nothing whatever to do with them, with an effrontery that would shame the veriest mountebank they still delude tho credulous public with the same old falsehoods which :.^VA I '^%0^ Ludwig's machine for 'nuasuring the rate of the blood current in Livim; Rabbits.— Cyan, Table XXII. gi-ow stale to the men and women whose horror of this work has brought on in- vestigation. Vivisectors say they "only use -a few animals." Do they not own this is false when their records show tho fol- lowing? Victor Hjrsley, of London, acknowledged the use of 38i cats and 364 monkeys for a particular puri)ose. Paul Bert performed his most awful experiments on 585 animals. Fontana caused 4.000 animals to be bitt>';i by poisonous snakes. Between 1850 and 1852 there were 26.0W dogs, 25,000 oits and rabbits, and 5,000 horses, asses and cattle vivisected in Vienna alone. Or- fila poisoned 6.000 dogs; S( hilf vivi- sected 14.000 foi" one purpose, and alto- gether, 70,000 in his two year's work in Florence. Majendie sacrificed 4,000 dogs to prove one theory and 4,000 more to disprove it; Flourens did cruelly to death another enoriaous number to re- prove it; Pasteur, v/ho claims to pre- v.ent hydrophobia, is visiting many un-nameable torments upon thou- sands of innocent animals at the pres- ent time. Koch, who professed to cure consumption, used thousands upon thou- sands of animals in inhuman and use- less experiments. Koch has gone to his rewai-d ''unhonored and unsung." The Doctors themselves o.re giving lit- tle credit to either Koch or Pasteur for their "discoveries."' We learn this from their published letters and speeches. After excusing all this fiendish work by claiming it is to benefit mankind, they come out and plainly say the low- er animals are so entirely different from man that the knowledge they get "is not reliable." Drugs and surgical operations act so entirely unlike in many cases on men and animals that they "are misleading" and on these grounds they urge the necessity for hu- man subjects. They say "it is right that the few should suffer for the many; give us criminals v.'ho have forfeited their claims on society, and the inmates of the almshouses and hospitals. " With- out waiting to receive this gift volun- tarily from the people vivisectors have taken t!ie privilege of experimenting on living men, women and children, and it makes one's blood run cold to read the record.s of what they have done in hospitals -namely: Grafted cancers on I)atient3 while they were under the in- fluence of chloroform and not com-cious of what was being done; tickled and Windpipe of a Living Dog dissected out to stop the cries of the animal, tinder othev experimentation. — Be Graaf, No. 5. pricked the soles of a woman's feet day after day to produce convuitiions; in- jected different drugs into insane per- sons which produced such agony they begged it should not be done and even struggled so against it the vivisectors said they "were obliged to use force." Persons known to be dying were exper- imented on in many ways as stated "to furnish reports to the MedicalJournaV' The effects of drugs, poisons and inocu- lating with almost all the frightful dis- eases known, such as leprosy, erysipe- las, &c., have been tried in childrens' hospitals, some experiments commenc- ing with infants of a few hours. To such insane lengths does this un- holy passion for experimenting extend that a Dr. Wachsmuth. who, though knowing how to prevent and cure a certain disease his own child was suf- fering from, did nothing for him, in or- der to v/atch the course of the disease. Another, Dr. Lund, fed his own healthy son on milk from a diseased cow to pro- duce tuberculosis and succeeded in do- ing to to his entire satisfaction. This spring (1894) M. McGowan brought suit against the city of San Francisco for seven strips of skin each one and a half by eight inches, stolen from his bodj for skin-grafting while a patient at the -• 0. r .^■' city hobpital. Thi.'< is vivisection — nothing but death — spiritual death to him who prac- tices it and physical destruction for his victims. It is true we see these men mingling socially with their fellows bat described in Holy Writ as "whited sepulchers which indeed appear beau- tiful outwardly but within are full of dead men's bones and all uncleanness." Their eyes cannot pity, their hearts cannot feel, and friend or foe are alike if they fall into their power when they can be used for "•experiment." Our own country is bfcoming full of it. and anxfous to ape the so called •'/Science" of foreign lands. The most barbarous experiments ever performed abroad, have already been repeated with great self congratulation in many of our own Universities. Nearly ai] institutes of learning have their vivisectjrs. home bred or from abroad, to teach physiol- ogy by untold torture of defenseless an- imals; but they like to call those from other countries vrho already have a '•reputation'' in connection with this diabolical sport. One example is the Western Reserve University, Cleve- land, Ohio, whore a Prof. Gad from Berlin officiates at the torture table. Four years ago the Worcester TeZe- gram, (Mass.) commenced a crusade against vivisection as carried on in ■Luiye cloy on ichidi variouti experiments have lee)> nuule over night. It no worse.'' La PvessUm Barometrique. p. 637. PAUr. Bert. Paris. Cark University of that city with ths knowledge and consent of its founder Jonas Clark. Mr. Clark admitted that great pains hn.d bee,i taken to keep this work from the Knowledge of the people, bat was very much pleased that it was atrocious enough to be •'recog- nized in Europe and published in the Scientific Journals in Prussia." The reporter who would not have been ad- mitted had he asked permission, let himself into a room wiiere dogs were kept in all states of mutilation: the cats were in another place which reeked with heat, filth and odors. A Dr. Hodge officiates there now, and the amount of agony vhich he can cause with the $50,000 worth of machinery made especially for that purpose, can- not ever bo imagined. To stop this Satanic work, anti-vivi- section societies have been organized to spread information and circulate pe- titions to the General and State Gov- ernments to supi^ress it by law, for, strange as it may seem, a man may be punished for unmercifully whipping his horse but let him turn into a med- ical professor and he can cut him up alive by inches, and add to that every torture he can invent, for then he calls his work scknce. Great excitement was caused in 1892 by the dissecting- of living horses without anaesthetics in the University of Pennsylvania. The existing laws of Pennsylvania provided no punish- ment for cruelty done by '"scientists." The agitation against vivisection commenced in Europe in 1874. There are now in operation there sixty-three anti- vivisection societies and branches. There are two societies in the United States^the American at Philadelphia and the Illinois, at Aurora, 111. The latter issues this Tract and begs the assistance of all who wish to "make the world better." A Restrictive Act passed the Brit- ish Parliament fourteen years ago, but was found so ineffective that all the so- cieties are demanding total abolition. Let us insist upon no compromise what- ever with the unclean thin;?. DUKE MED. CENTER Lli, HISTORICAL COLLECTION ILLINOIS ANT I- VIVISECTION SOCIETY PRESIDENT : Mrs. a. K. Perry, 259 South Broadway, Aurora. Illinois. VICE PRESIDENTS IN AURORA: Rev. J. H. Acton, Mrs. Julia C. Acton, WnrrB Daw.son, Mrs. Dr. E. H. Gai.e. dec. Theii- cannot ^ ' if tlieV i'i^i SECRETARY AND TREASURER: can be nsov mrs. Fairchild Allen, 104 North Fourth St. Aurora, Illinois, anxfous'to ape Asst. Secy., Miss Harriet E. Taylor. of foreign a.ncs EXECUTIVE committee: J. H. Acton, D. D., Hon. E. R, Allen, A. K. Perry, Esq., White Dawson. Mrs. Julia C. Acton, Mrs. S. Mccarty, Mrs. Lottie A. Mack, Mrs. Fairchild Allen .,'<p VICE PRESIDENTS ELSEWHERE. Selected from active, vporking', contributing members: /'j&dss Frances Power Cobbe, Hengwrt, Dol- i)llil/i4iy , North Wales. '^''^Mrs. C. A. Meiser and Mrs. Nora T. Gause, Vice Presidents-at-large. Mrs. H. B. Williams, Bristol, Vt. Mr=,. F. B. Powell, Woodstock, Vt. Philip O. Peabody, Esq., Boston, Mass. Joseph M. Greene and Miss E. Louise Brown, Dorchester, Mass. Rodney Dennis. Esq., Hartford Conn. Miss Mary J. Carr, Broolilyn N . Y. C. A. Hamlin, Syracuse. N. Y. Miss Caroline Spencer. Catskill, N. Y. Christopher Roberts, Newark, N. J. Miss M. A. Peet and Mrs. Sarah Ellen Blackwell Washinffton, D. C. Thos M. Tm-vev. Philadelphia, Pa. Rev. Henry S, Clubb. •• Mrs. Dr. Reverdy B. Stewart. Warren, Pa. Miss Kate V. Austin. Winchester, Ky. Mrs. Mary T. McTeer, Mar:rville, Tenn. Miss Fannie Alston, Charleston, So. C. C. L. Doll, Esq.. Montgomery, Ala. Mrs. W. S. Thomas. Alexander, Ark. Miss Sarah Munson, Zanesville. Ohio. Mrs. E. J. Smith, Tallmadge, Ohio. Miss Evelyn McCormick, LaFayette, Ind. Mrs. A. C. Elster, Indianapolis, Ind. Prof. David Swing, lohn T. Dale, Esq., Miss D. E. Dix, Miss Sarah Munson, Miss Maude B. Fairchild, Monroe Reese Rothschild and (i. G. Taylor, Chicago, 111. Mrs. M. W. Rouse, Peoria, IlL Mrs. Thomas W. Palmer and Mrs. Anna E. Mclntyre, Detroit, Mich. Mrs. J. H. French and Mrs Helen Lee, Beloit, Wisconsin. Mrs. Wm. H. Bradley, Milwaukee, Wis. rs. Josiah Hocl^ing, Racine, Wis. Mrs. Velma C. Melville, Sun Prairie, Wis. Mrs. E. W. Williams, Winona. Minn, Mrs. Geo. W. Ogilvie, Des Moines, Iowa. Mrs. F. M. White, Shenandoah, Mrs. Frances Birdsall Stearns, Harristaui-g, Texas. Mrs. Anna Keating, California. Almon A. Locke, Esq., Los Angeles, Cali. Mrs. Lydia A. Irons, Marshall, WasliiUj-toa. The National Petition for the Total Abolition of Vivisection bears, to date, Dec. 1, 1894. 4,943 signatures. It reads thus, "I am opposed to Vivisection and hereby petition for its Toted Abolition.'''' Many are sending in the sum of Ten Cents, as requested, with the signatures. These little sums are gratefully received as well as the larger donations which comprise the bone and sinews of the Society's work. The Annual Membership fee is 50c; Life Membership $10. Those giving the lesser sums are designated as Patrons. We request all rnem- bers and patrons to distribute literatui'e among their friends and acquaintances. This will be furnished free— but payment for it will enable us to print more. The price of Anti- Vivisection, the monthly journal of the Society,, is 50c. per year. The price of this Tract is 10c. per doz; free to working member and patrons. Tli,ere are 67 societies working (in Europe and America) against Vivi- se(!tion. For further information address the Secretary. Mrs. Fairchild Allen, Aurora, III.